Developmental language disorder (formerly known as dysphasia or specific language impairment) is thought to result from atypical development of the brain regions responsible for language.
Developmental language disorder (DLD) is thought to affect just over 7% of children (Breault et al., 2019). This disorder is thought to result from atypical development of the brain regions responsible for language. This results in " persistent difficulties in the acquisition and use of language in its various modalities (i.e., expressing oneself, understanding, reading/writing, etc.) " (APA, 2013). The language development of a child with dysphasia exhibits significant age-appropriate delays that persist despite assistance (stimulation, speech therapy, etc.) and are not due to another disorder (e.g., hearing impairment, intellectual disability). The child with TDL therefore has varying degrees of difficulty in expressing him/herself (e.g., pronouncing words correctly, formulating sentences, using the correct vocabulary, etc.) or understanding (e.g., words, sentence structures, conversations).
Language difficulties can severely limit a child's ability to communicate, integrate socially and succeed in school. Many children with LD also have difficulty learning to read, write and understand the written word (texts and reasoned problems). Psychoaffective (anxiety, opposition, aggressiveness), academic and social (isolation, withdrawal) problems are therefore frequent in these children and require special care.
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